Many visitors have commented favorably about Tijuana’s public-transportation system because our busses are plentiful and cheap. Our current system’s greatest drawback, on the other hand, is that the routes serve individual colonias rather than the city as a whole. Traveling some distance within Tijuana can now be expensive and time-consuming and, as the city continues to expand, this one drawback will soon outweigh the existing system’s advantages.
The city of Tijuana has just opened bidding worldwide for the construction on the first trunk route of our new Sistema Metropolitano de Transporte Masivo. The plans are indeed metropolitan and massive, covering most of Tijuana’s twelve hundred square kilometers and comprising seven transit stations, eight trunk routes, ninety feeder routes, three local routes, nine suburban routes, and two auxiliary routes. According to the City Administrator’s office, this is a holistic approach to Tijuana’s public-transportation needs designed to increase efficiency, to lower costs, to reduce pollution, and to dovetail with the binational changes in store for the primary border crossing.
The future Route 01SMTM will be inaugurated with Route 01, a high-speed tramway running alongside the Tijuana River nineteen kilometers from Puerta México (the San Ysidro border) to El Refugio near Rodríguez Dam. The articulated trams for this route will ride on pneumatic tires in order to suppress noise and vibration and will be powered by natural gas, electricity, or a hybrid along ecological lines, depending on the needs of the vehicle that wins the bidding. Trams of two, three, and four sections will be deployed throughout the day depending on passenger volume. Although a human operator will be on board each one for emergencies, the trams are meant to operate automatically, guided in combination by a rail, magnetic sensors, and digital optics.
Route 01 will become operational in 2010 or 2011. “This isn’t something that just occurred to us,” said a source in the City Administrator’s office, “we’ve been planning it for eighteen years now. Some of the details and our final timetable will be determined by the specifications of the winning bids, but the project is now ready to get started.”
conceptualized three-part tram
One of those details is the tariff structure – how much to charge, what sort of ticket to issue, how to handle the money. The expectation at the moment is that the fare will be similar to what a single bus ride costs now and that it will good for the entire system. Some input from citizens in Tijuana has suggested that the fares be even less, more along the lines of those charged in Mexico City. FONADIN, the National Infrastructure Fund of Banobras, will be subsidizing SMTM’s fares to ensure their affordability. The existing bus lines, which are operated by private companies, will continue to serve the local areas they were created for and they will most likely be brought into the metropolitian tariff structure.
The great majority of passengers on Route 01 will be those who now take diesel-powered busses for work, school, or shopping, heading either to downtown Tijuana or across the border. For them, the tramway represents a saving of time and money. For the city, it means less vehicular congestion, lowered emissions, and the opportunity to plant more green areas. For cultural tourists, the entire SMTM will be a windfall – these people will now have the ability to visit all of Tijuana quickly and easily without fear of getting lost.